The Phillies- A History


The Phillies- History

The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team. They are the oldest continuous, one-name, one-city franchise in all of professional American sports, dating to 1883.[2] The Phillies are a member of the Eastern Division of Major League Baseball’s National League. Since 2004, the team’s home has been Citizens Bank Park in the South Philadelphia section of the city.

Phillies Baseball Cap

The Phightin' Phils

The Phillies have won two World Series championships (against Kansas City in 1980 and Tampa Bay in 2008) and seven National League pennants, the first of which came in 1915. The franchise has also experienced long periods of struggle. The age of the team and its history of adversity has earned it the dubious distinction of having lost the most games of any team in the history of American professional sports.[3] Notwithstanding the collectively poor performance over the years, the Phillies have performed much better in recent seasons, winning their division five times in a row since 2007.

The franchise was founded in Philadelphia in 1883, replacing the team from Worcester, Massachusetts. The team has played at several stadiums in the city, beginning with Recreation Park and continuing at Baker Bowl; Shibe Park, which was later renamed Connie Mack Stadium in honor of the longtime Philadelphia Athletics manager; Veterans Stadium; and now Citizens Bank Park.

The team’s spring training facilities are located in Clearwater, Florida, where its Class-A minor league affiliate Clearwater Threshers play at Bright House Field. Its Double-A affiliate is the Reading Phillies, which play in Reading, Pennsylvania, and its Triple-A affiliate is the Lehigh Valley IronPigs, which plays in Allentown, Pennsylvania.

Early history

After being founded in 1883 as the “Quakers”, the team changed its name to the “Philadelphias”, after the convention of the times. This was soon shortened to “Phillies”.[4] “Quakers” continued to be used interchangeably with “Phillies” from 1884 until 1890, when the team officially became known as the “Phillies”. Though the Phillies moved into a permanent home at Baker Bowl in 1887,[2] they did not win their first pennant until nearly 30 years later, after the likes of standout players Billy Hamilton, Sam Thompson, and Ed Delahanty had departed. Player defections to the newly-formed American League, especially to the cross-town Athletics, would cost the team dearly over the next several years. A bright spot came in 1915, when the Phillies won their first pennant, thanks to the pitching of Grover Cleveland Alexander and the batting prowess of Gavvy Cravath, who set what was then the modern major-league single-season record for home runs with 24.[5] Poor fiscal management after their appearance in the 1915 World Series, however, doomed the Phillies to sink back into relative obscurity; from 1918 to 1948 they only had one winning season. Though Chuck Klein won the Most Valuable Player Award in 1932 and the National League Triple Crown in 1933, the team continued to flounder at the bottom of the standings for years.[6]

Cox, Carpenter, and the “Whiz Kids” era

After lumber baron William B. Cox purchased the team in 1943, the Phillies began a rapid rise to prominence in the National League, as the team rose out of the standings cellar for the first time in five years. As a result, the fan base and attendance at home games increased. But it soon became clear that not all was right in Cox’ front office. Eventually, it was revealed by Cox that he had been betting on the Phillies and he was banned from baseball. The new owner, Bob Carpenter, Jr., scion of the Delaware-based DuPont family, tried to polish the team’s image by unofficially changing its name to the “Bluejays”. However, the new moniker did not take, and it was quietly dropped by 1949.[7]

Shibe Park / Connie Mack Stadium, home of the Phillies from 1938–1970

Instead, Carpenter turned his attention to the minor league affiliates, continuing an effort begun by Cox a year earlier; prior to Cox’ ownership, the Phillies had paid almost no attention to player development. This led to the advent of the “Whiz Kids,” led by a lineup of young players developed by the Phillies’ farm system that included future Hall of Famers Richie Ashburn and Robin Roberts.[8] Their 1950 season was highlighted by a last-day, pennant-clinching home run by Dick Sisler to lead the Phillies over the Dodgers and into the World Series.[9] Comparatively, the Athletics finished last in 1950 and longtime Manager Connie Mack retired. The A’s would struggle on for four more years with only one winning team, and then abandon Philadelphia under the Johnson brothers who bought out Mack and started play in Kansas City in 1955.[10]

From lows to highs

The Phillies sank back to mediocrity during the mid-1950s after the departure of the “Whiz Kids”, their competitive futility culminating in a record that still stands: in 1961, the Phillies lost 23 games in a row (a record since 1900). But from this nadir bright spots began to appear. Though Ashburn and Roberts were gone, younger pitchers Art Mahaffey, Chris Short, and rookie Ray Culp; veterans Jim Bunning and screwballer Jack Baldschun; and fan favorites Cookie Rojas, Johnny Callison, and NL Rookie of the Year Richie Allen brought the team within a hairsbreadth of the World Series in 1964 after strong showings in 1962 and 1963. However, the Phillies squandered a six-and-a-half-game lead during the final weeks of the season that year, losing 10 games in a row with 12 games remaining and losing the pennant by one game to the St. Louis Cardinals. The “Phold of ’64” is among the most notable collapses in sports history.[11] One highlight of the season occurred on Father’s Day, when Jim Bunning pitched a perfect game against the New York Mets, the first in Phillies history.

At the end of the decade, in October 1970, the Phillies played their final game in Connie Mack Stadium and prepared to move into newly built Veterans Stadium, wearing new maroon uniforms to accentuate the change. While some members of the team performed admirably during the 1970s, the Phillies still clung to their position at the bottom of the National League standings. Ten years after “the Phold”, they suffered another minor collapse in August and September 1974, missing out on the playoffs yet again. But the futility would not last much longer. After a run of three straight division titles from 1976 to 1978,[12] the Phillies won the NL East in 1980 behind pitcher Steve Carlton, outfielder Greg Luzinski, and infielders Mike Schmidt, Larry Bowa, and Pete Rose. In a memorable NLCS, with four of the five games going into extra innings, they fell behind 2–1 but battled back to squeeze past the Houston Astros on a tenth-inning, game-winning hit by center fielder Garry Maddox, and the city celebrated its first pennant in 30 years.[13]

Facing the Kansas City Royals in the 1980 World Series, the Phillies won their first World Series championship ever in six games thanks to the timely hitting of Mike Schmidt and Pete Rose. Schmidt, who was the National League MVP that 1980 season, also won the World Series MVP award on the strength of his 8-for-21 hitting (.381 average), including game-winning hits in Game 2 and the clinching Game 6. Thus, the Phillies became the last of the 16 teams that made up the major leagues from 1901 to 1961 to win a World Series.[14] The Phillies made the playoffs twice more in the 1980s[15] after their Series win, in 1981 and 1983, where they lost to the Baltimore Orioles in the World Series, but they would soon follow these near-misses with a rapid drop back into the basement of the National League.[13] The 1992 season, for example, would end with the Phillies in last place in the National League East. But their fortunes were about to change.

Recent history

This marker in the Citizens Bank Park parking lot commemorates Veterans Stadium, the Phillies’ home from 1971 to 2003.

The 1993 Phillies started the season by going 17–5 in April and finishing with a 97–65 season. The Phillies beat the Atlanta Braves in the 1993 National League Championship Series, four games to two, to earn the fifth pennant in franchise history, only to be defeated by the defending league champion Toronto Blue Jays in the 1993 World Series.[16] Toronto’s Joe Carter hit a walk-off home run in Game 6 to clinch another Phillies loss.[17] The 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike was a blow to the Phillies’ attendance and on-field success, as was the arrival of the Braves in the division due to league realignment. Several stars came through Philadelphia, though few would stay, and the minor league system continued to develop its young prospects, who would soon rise to Phillies fame.

In 2001, the Phillies had their first winning season in eight years under new manager Larry Bowa, and their season record would not dip below .500 again from the 2003 season onward.[18] In 2004, the Phillies moved to their new home, Citizens Bank Park,[19] across the street from the Vet.

Charlie Manuel took over the reins of the club from Bowa after the 2004 season, and general manager Ed Wade was replaced by Pat Gillick in November 2005. Gillick reshaped the club as his own, sending stars away in trades and allowing the Phillies’ young core to develop. After the franchise lost its 10,000th game in 2007,[3] its core of young players, including infielders Chase Utley, Ryan Howard, and Jimmy Rollins and pitcher Cole Hamels, responded by winning the National League East division title, but they were swept by the Colorado Rockies in the Division Series.[20] After the 2007 season, they acquired closer Brad Lidge.

The Phillies logo as it illuminated the Cira Centre in October 2008

In 2008, the Phillies clinched their second straight division title[21] and defeated the Milwaukee Brewers in the Division Series to record the franchise’s first post-season victory since winning the 1993 NLCS. Behind strong pitching from the rotation and stellar offensive production from virtually all members of the starting lineup, the Phillies won the 2008 National League Championship Series against the Los Angeles Dodgers; Hamels was named the series’ Most Valuable Player. The Phillies would then go on to defeat the Tampa Bay Rays in 5 games for their second World Series title in their 126-year history. Hamels was named both NLCS MVP as well as World Series MVP after going 4–0 in the postseason that year.

General manager Rubén Amaro, Jr.

Gillick retired as general manager after the 2008 season and was succeeded by one of his assistants, Ruben Amaro, Jr. After adding outfielder Raúl Ibañez to replace the departed Pat Burrell, the Phillies retained the majority of their core players for the 2009 season. In July, they signed three-time Cy Young Award winner Pedro Martinez and acquired 2008 American League Cy Young winner Cliff Lee before the trade deadline. On September 30, 2009, they clinched a third consecutive National League East Division title for the first time since the 1976–78 seasons. The team continued this run of success with wins over the Colorado Rockies in the NLDS (3 games to 1) and the Los Angeles Dodgers in the NLCS (4 games to 1), to become the first Phillies team to win back-to-back pennants and the first National League team since the 1996 Atlanta Braves to have an opportunity to defend their World Series title. The Phillies were unable to repeat, falling to the New York Yankees, 4 games to 2. Nevertheless, in recognition of the team’s recent accomplishments, Baseball America named the Phillies as its Organization of the Year.[22]

On December 16, 2009, they acquired starting pitcher Roy Halladay from the Toronto Blue Jays for three minor-league prospects,[23] and traded Cliff Lee to the Seattle Mariners for three prospects.[24] On May 29, 2010, Halladay pitched a perfect game against the Florida Marlins.[d]

In June 2010, the team’s scheduled 2010 series against the Toronto Blue Jays at Rogers Centre was moved to Philadelphia, because of security concerns for the G-20 Summit. The Blue Jays wore their home white uniforms and batted last as the home team, and the designated hitter was used.[25] The game was the first occasion of the use of a designated hitter in a National League ballpark in a regular-season game; Ryan Howard was the first player to fill the role.[26]

The 2010 Phillies won their fourth consecutive NL East Division championship[15][27] despite a rash of significant injuries to key players, including Ryan Howard,[28] Chase Utley,[29] Jimmy Rollins,[30] Shane Victorino,[31] and Carlos Ruiz.[32] After dropping seven games behind the Atlanta Braves on July 21, Philadelphia finished with an MLB-best record of 97–65.[33] The streak included a 20–5 record in September, the Phillies’ best September since winning 22 games that month in 1983,[34] and a 11–0 run in the middle of the month.[35] The acquisition of pitcher Roy Oswalt in early August was a key step, as Oswalt won seven consecutive games in just over five weeks from August 11 through September 17.[35] The Phillies clinched the division on September 27, behind a two-hit shutout by Halladay.[36]

In Game 1 of the 2010 National League Division Series, Halladay threw the second no-hitter in Major League baseball postseason history, leading the Phillies over the Cincinnati Reds, 4–0. The first no-hitter in postseason history was New York Yankee pitcher Don Larsen‘s perfect game in the 1956 World Series.[37] Halladay’s no-hitter was the fifth time a pitcher has thrown two no-hitters in the same season, and was also the first time that one of the two occurred in the postseason. The Phillies went on to sweep the Reds in three straight games. In the 2010 National League Championship Series, the Phillies fell to the eventual World Series champion San Francisco Giants in six games.

On September 17, 2011, the Phillies won their fifth consecutive East Division championship, [38] and on September 28, during the final game of the season, the team set a franchise record for victories in a season with 102 by beating the Atlanta Braves in 13 innings, denying their division rivals a potential Wild Card berth.[39] Yet the Phillies lost in the NLDS to the St. Louis Cardinals – the team that won the National League Wild Card as a result of the Phillies beating the Braves. The Cardinals subsequently won the 2011 World Series in 7 games.

Current uniform

The current team colors, uniform, and logo date to 1992 but are meant to recall in the script, “Phillies”, and red trim the style the team wore from the “Whiz Kids” era in 1950 until 1969. The main team colors are red and white, with blue serving as a prominent accent. The team name is written in red with a blue star serving as the dot over the “i”s, and blue piping is often found in Phillies branded apparel and materials. The team’s home uniform is white with red pinstripes, lettering and numbering. The road uniform is traditional grey with red lettering/numbering. Both bear a script-lettered “Phillies” logo, with the aforementioned star dotting the “i”s across the chest, and the player name and number on the back. Hats are red with a single stylized “P”.[42]

In 2008, the Phillies introduced an alternate, cream-colored uniform during home day games in tribute to their 125th anniversary. The uniforms are similar to those worn from 1946 through 1949, featuring red lettering bordered with blue piping and lacking pinstripes.[43] The accompanying cap is blue with a red bill and a red stylized “P.” The uniforms were announced on November 29, 2007, when Phillies shortstop Jimmy Rollins, pitcher Cole Hamels, and Hall of Fame pitcher Robin Roberts modeled the new uniforms.[44]

For the 2009 season the Phillies added black, circular “HK” patches to their uniforms over their hearts in honor of broadcaster Harry Kalas, who died April 13, 2009, just before he was to broadcast a Phillies game. From Opening Day through July 26, 2009, the Phillies wore 2008 World Champions patches on the right sleeve of their home uniforms. In 2010, the Phillies added a black patch with a white “36” on the sleeves of their jerseys to honor Roberts, who died on May 6. Roberts’ #36 had been previously retired by the team. In 2011, the Phillies added a black circular patch with a ‘B’ in honor of minority owners Alexander and John Buck, who passed away in late 2010.

The Phillies are one of four teams in Major League Baseball that do not display the name of their city, state, or region on their road jerseys, joining the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, St. Louis Cardinals, and the Tampa Bay Rays. The Phillies are the only team that also displays the player’s number on one sleeve, in addition to the usual placement on the back of the jersey.

Ryan Howard wearing the current Phillies home uniform (with Harry Kalas patch in 2009)
Roy Halladay wearing the current Phillies road uniform (with “Whip” Buck patch in 2011)
Joe Blanton wearing the alternate Phillies home uniform (with Kalas patch in 2009)

Batting practice

The Phillies were an early adopter of the batting practice jersey in 1977, wearing a maroon v-necked top with the “Phillies” script name across the chest, as well as the player name and number on the back and a player number on the left sleeve, all in white. Larry Bowa, Pete Rose, and Mike Schmidt wore this maroon batting jersey in place of their road jersey during the 1979 All-Star Game in Seattle. Currently, during spring training, the Phillies wear solid red practice jerseys with pinstriped pants for Grapefruit League home games. The red jerseys are worn with grey pants on the road.

Former uniforms

From 1970 to 1991, the Phillies sported colors, uniforms, and a logo that were noticeably different from what had come before, or since, but that were widely embraced by even traditionally minded fans. A dark burgundy was adopted as the main team color, with a classic pinstripe style for home uniforms. Blue was almost entirely dropped as part of the team’s official color scheme, except in one area; a pale blue (as opposed to traditional grey) was used as the base-color for away game uniforms. Yet the most important aspect of the 1970 uniform change was the adoption of one of the more distinctive logos in sports; a Phillies “P” that, thanks to its unique shape and “baseball stitched” center swirl, remained instantly recognizable and admired, long after its regular use had ended. It was while wearing this uniform style and color motif that the club achieved its most enduring success, including a World Series title in 1980 and another World Series appearance in 1983.[42] Its continued popularity with fans is still evident, as even today Phillies home games can contain many fans sporting caps, shirts, and/or jackets emblazoned with the iconic “P” and burgundy color scheme. The current Phillies team have worn the burgundy and powder blue throwbacks whenever their opponents are wearing throwback uniforms from that era.

Controversial uniform changes

In 1979, the Phillies front office modified the uniform into an all-burgundy version with white trimmings, to be worn for Saturday games.[45] They were called “Saturday Night Specials“, in a derisive nod to cheap handguns then called by that name and were worn for the first and last time on May 19, 1979,[46] a 10–5 loss to the Expos.[47] The immediate reaction of the media, fans, and players alike was negative, with many describing the despised uniforms as pajama-like. As such, the idea was hastily abandoned.[48] Mike Schmidt did wear the uniform during the MLB All-Star Tour of Japan following the 1979 season. The final appearance on field (to date) of this uniform was during the closing ceremonies at Veterans Stadium on Sep 28, 2003. There was a rather large procession of players during the post game ceremony, most in uniform. Former pitcher Larry Christenson, the starting pitcher in the original game, came out wearing this old burgundy uniform, and was the only one to do so.

Another uniform controversy arose in 1994 when the Phillies introduced blue caps on Opening Day which were to be worn for home day games only.[49] The caps were unpopular with the players, who considered them bad luck after two losses. The caps were dumped after being used on the field for a month. A different blue cap was introduced in 2008 as part of the alternate home uniform for day games, a throwback to the late 1940s.

Rivalries

See footnote[50]

New York Mets

The rivalry between the New York Mets and the Phillies is said to be among the “hottest” rivalries in the National League.[51][52] The two National League East divisional rivals have met each other recently in playoff, division, and Wild Card races.

Aside from several brawls in the 1980s, the rivalry remained relatively low-key before the 2006 season,[53] as the teams had seldom been equally good at the same time. A notable moment in their early meetings was Jim Bunning‘s perfect game on Father’s Day of 1964, the first perfect game in Phillies history,[54] which happened when the Mets were on a losing streak.[55] The Phillies were near the bottom of the NL East when the Mets won the 1969 World Series and the National League pennant in 1973, while the Mets did not enjoy success in the late 1970s when the Phillies won three straight division championships. Although both teams each won a World Series in the 1980s, the Mets were not serious contenders in the Phillies’ playoff years (1980, 1981, and 1983), nor did the Phillies seriously contend in the Mets’ playoff years (1986 and 1988). The Mets were the Majors’ worst team when the Phillies won the NL pennant in 1993,[56] and the Phillies could not post a winning record in either of the Mets’ wild-card-winning seasons of 1999 or 2000, when the Mets faced the New York Yankees in the 2000 World Series.

As the rivalry has intensified in recent years, the teams have battled more often for playoff position. The Mets won the division in 2006, while the Phillies won five consecutive division titles from 2007 to 2011.[57] The Phillies’ 2007 championship was won on the last day of the season as the Mets lost a seven-game lead with seventeen games remaining. The Phillies broke the Curse of Billy Penn to win the 2008 World Series, while the Mets’ last title came in the 1986 World Series.

Historical rivalries

City Series: Philadelphia Athletics

The City Series was the name of a series of baseball games played between the Philadelphia Athletics of the American League and the Phillies that ran from 1903 through 1955. After the A’s move to Kansas City, Missouri in 1955, the City Series rivalry came to an end. The teams have since faced each other in Interleague play (since its introduction in 1997) but the rivalry has effectively died in the intervening years since the A’s left Philadelphia.

The first City Series was held in 1883 between the Phillies and the American Association’s Athletics.[58] When the Athletics first joined the American League, the two teams played each other in a spring and fall series. No City Series was held in 1901 and 1902 due to legal warring between the National and American Leagues.

 Pittsburgh Pirates

The rivalry between the Phillies and the Pittsburgh Pirates of Major League Baseball was considered by some to be one of the best rivalries in the National League.[59][60][61] The rivalry started when the Pittsburgh Pirates entered play in 1887, four years after the Phillies.[62]

The Phillies and the Pirates had remained together after the National League split into two divisions in 1969. During the period of two-division play (1969 to 1993), the two National League East division rivals won the two highest numbers of division championships, reigning almost exclusively as NL East champions in the 1970s and again in the early 1990s.[63][61][64] the Pirates nine, the Phillies six; together, the two teams’ 15 championships accounted for more than half of the 25 NL East championships during that span.[63]

After the Pirates moved to the National League Central in 1994, the teams face each other only in two series each year and the rivalry has diminished.[60][61] However, many fans, especially older ones, retain their dislike for the other team and regional differences between Eastern and Western Pennsylvania still fuel the rivalry.[65]

Achievements

 Awards

Five Phillies have won an MVP award during their career with the team. Mike Schmidt leads with three wins, with back-to-back MVPs in 1980 and 1981, and in 1986 as well. Chuck Klein (1932), Jim Konstanty (1950), Ryan Howard (2006), and Jimmy Rollins (2007) all have one.[66] Pitcher Steve Carlton leads the team in Cy Young Award wins with four (1972, 1977, 1980, and 1982), while John Denny (1983), Steve Bedrosian (1987), and Roy Halladay (2010) each have one.[66] Four Phillies have won Rookie of the Year honors as well. Jack Sanford won in 1957, and Dick Allen won in 1964. Third baseman Scott Rolen brought home the honors in 1997, while Howard was the most recent Phillies winner in 2005.[67] In doing so, Howard became only the second player in MLB history to win Rookie of the Year and Most Valuable Player in consecutive years, Cal Ripken, Jr. of the Baltimore Orioles being the first.[68]

Of the fifteen players who have hit four home runs in one game, three were Phillies at the time (more than any other team). Ed Delahanty was the first, hitting his four in Chicago‘s West Side Park on July 13, 1896. Chuck Klein repeated the feat nearly 40 years later to the day, on July 10, 1936, at Pittsburgh‘s Forbes Field. Forty years later, on April 17, 1976, Mike Schmidt became the third, also hitting his in Chicago, these coming at Wrigley Field.

Wall of Fame

From 1978 to 2003, the Phillies inducted one former Phillie and one former member of the Philadelphia Athletics per year. Since 2004 they have inducted one Phillie annually. Players must be retired and must have played at least four years with the Phillies or Athletics. The last six years’ inductees to the Wall of Fame are listed below:

Wall of Famer Rube Oldring

Inducted Player Position Years Ref
List of players inducted, indicating team, position(s), and tenure(s)
2006 Green, DallasDallas Green P MGR 19601967 19791981 [69][70]
2007 Vukovich, JohnJohn Vukovich INF CO EXEC 19701971, 19761981 19882004 20042007 [71]
2008 Samuel, JuanJuan Samuel 2B 19831989 [72]
2009 Kalas, HarryHarry KalasHall of Fame TV 19712009 [73]
2010 Daulton, DarrenDarren Daulton C 1983 19851997 [74]
2011 Kruk, JohnJohn Kruk 1B 19891994 [75]

The following inductees have also been elected to the Philadelphia Sports Hall of Fame: Richie Ashburn, Steve Carlton, Robin Roberts, Mike Schmidt, broadcaster Harry Kalas, Grover Cleveland Alexander, Del Ennis, Chuck Klein, Ed Delahanty, Larry Bowa, Tug McGraw, and Dick Allen.

Centennial Team

In 1983, rather than inducting a player into the Wall of Fame, the Phillies selected their Centennial Team, commemorating the best players of the first 100 years in franchise history. See Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame#Centennial Team.

Hall of Famers

Ed Delahanty, one of the Phillies' standout pl...
Image via Wikipedia

Hall of Famer Ed Delahanty

See footnote[76]
Philadelphia Phillies Hall of Famers
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
Philadelphia Phillies

Grover Cleveland Alexander* Sparky Anderson Richie Ashburn Dave Bancroft* Chief Bender* Dan Brouthers** Jim Bunning Steve Carlton Roger Connor* Ed Delahanty** Hugh Duffy** Johnny Evers* Elmer Flick* Jimmie Foxx Pat Gillick** Billy Hamilton Bucky Harris Ferguson Jenkins Hughie Jennings Tim Keefe* Chuck Klein Nap Lajoie* Tommy McCarthy Joe Morgan Kid Nichols* Tony Pérez Eppa Rixey Robin Roberts Ryne Sandberg Mike Schmidt Casey Stengel Sam Thompson* Lloyd Waner Hack Wilson Harry Wright*

Players listed in boldare depicted on their Hall of Fame plaques wearing a Phillies cap insignia.

* Has no insignia on his cap due to playing at a time when caps bore no insignia.
** Wears no cap.
– Pat Gillick was elected as an Executive/Pioneer due in part to his contributions to baseball as general manager of the Phillies.[77]

 Ford C. Frick Award recipients

Philadelphia Phillies Ford C. Frick Award recipients
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
Herb Carneal Harry Kalas Tim McCarver By Saam
Names in bold received the award based primarily on their work as broadcasters for the Phillies.

Retired numbers

Grover Cleveland Alexander, one of eight players with a number retired or honored by the Phillies

The Phillies have retired six numbers, and honored two additional players with the letter “P.”[78] Grover Cleveland Alexander played with the team in the era before Major League Baseball used uniform numbers, and Chuck Klein wore a variety of numbers with the team during his career. Of the six players with retired numbers, five were retired for their play with the Phillies and one, 42, was universally retired by Major League Baseball when they honored the fiftieth anniversary of Jackie Robinson’s breaking the color barrier.

PhilsAshburn.PNG Richie Ashburn OF, TV Retired 1979[79] PhilsBunning.PNG Jim Bunning RHP Retired 2001[80] PhilsSchmidt.PNG Mike Schmidt 3B Retired 1990[81] PhilsCarlton.PNG Steve Carlton LHP Retired 1989[82]
PhilsRoberts.PNG Robin Roberts RHP Retired 1962[83] PhilsRobinson.PNG Jackie Robinson 2B MLB–retired 1997[84] PhilsAlexander.png Grover C. Alexander RHP Honored 2001[a][85] PhilsKlein.PNG Chuck Klein OF Honored 2001[b][86]

Community

Charitable contributions

The Phillies have supported amyotrophic lateral sclerosis research (also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease) with the “Phillies Phestival” since 1984.[87] The team raised over $750,000 for ALS research at their 2008 festival, compared with approximately $4,500 at the inaugural event in 1984;[87] the event has raised a total of over $10 million in its history.[88] The ALS Association of Philadelphia is the Phillies’ primary charity,[89] and the hospitals they support include Pennsylvania Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, and Hahnemann University Hospital.[87] Former Phillies pitchers Geoff Geary, now with the Houston Astros and who lost a friend to the disease,[90] and Curt Schilling, who retired with the Boston Red Sox,[91] are both still involved with the Phillies’ cause.

Fan support

Full House at Citizens Bank Park

See footnote[92]

Phillies fans have earned a reputation over the years for their occasional unruly behavior. In the 1960s, radio announcers for visiting teams would frequently report on the numerous fights breaking out in Connie Mack Stadium.[citation needed] Immediately after the final game at the old park, many fans ran onto the field or dislodged parts of the ballpark to take home with them.[93] Later, at Veterans Stadium, the 700 Level gained a reputation for its “hostile taunting, fighting, public urination and general strangeness.”[94]

Phillies fans are known for harsh criticism of their own stars such the 1964 Rookie of the Year Richie Allen and Hall of Fame third baseman Mike Schmidt. The fans, however, are just as well known for heckling the visiting team. Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Burt Hooton‘s poor performance during game three of the 1977 National League Championship Series[95] has often been attributed to the crowd’s taunting.[citation needed] J. D. Drew, the Phillies’ first overall draft pick in the amateur draft of 1997, never signed with the Phillies following a contract dispute with the team, instead re-entering the draft the next year to be drafted by the St. Louis Cardinals.[96] Phillies fans were angered over this disrespect and debris, including two D batteries, was hurled at Drew during an August 1999 game.[97] Subsequent visits by Drew to Philadelphia continue to be met with sustained booing from the Phillies fans.

Many sports writers have noted the passionate presence of Phillies fans, including Allen Barra, who wrote that the biggest roar he ever heard from Philadelphia fans was in 1980 when Tug McGraw, in the victory parade after the World Series, told New York fans they could “take this championship and shove it.”[98]

When the Phillies moved to Veteran’s Stadium, they hired a group of young ladies to serve as ushers. These women wore maroon-colored outfits featuring hot pants and were called the Hot Pants Patrol.[99] The team also introduced a pair of mascots, attired in colonial garb and named Philadelphia Phil and Phyllis. In addition to costumed characters, animated Phil and Phylis figures mounted on the center field facade would “hit” the Liberty Bell after a Phillie home run. This pair of mascots never achieved any significant level of popularity with fans and were eventually discontinued.[99] In 1978, the team introduced a new mascot, the Phillie Phanatic, who has been called “baseball’s best mascot”, which has been much more successful and has become closely associated with the marketing of the team.[100]

In Phillies fan culture, it is also not unusual to replace an “f” with a “ph” in words, such as the Phillie Phanatic.[101]

The club surpassed 100 consecutive sellouts on August 19, 2010, selling out over 50% of their home games and averaging an annual attendance of over 3.1 million fans since moving to Citizens Bank Park;[102] on April 3, 2011, the team broke the three-game series attendance record at the ballpark, having 136,254 fans attend the opening weekend against the Houston Astros.[citation needed]

In 2011, the Phillies led the league in attendance for the first time in franchise history, with 3,680,718 fans coming out to watch Phillies baseball.[103][104][105][106]

Season-by-season records

The records of the Phillies’ last five seasons in Major League Baseball are listed below.

MLB season Team season League Division Regular season Postseason Awards
Finish[a] Wins[b] Losses Win% GB[c]
2006 2006 NL East 2nd 85 77 .525 12 Ryan Howard (MVP)[107]
2007 2007 NL East* 1st 89 73 .549 Lost NLDS to Colorado Rockies, 3–0[108] Jimmy Rollins (MVP)[107]
2008World Series champions 2008 NLNational League champions East* 1st 92 70 .568 Won NLDS vs. Milwaukee Brewers, 3–1 Won NLCS vs. Los Angeles Dodgers, 4–1 Won World Series vs. Tampa Bay Rays, 4–1 Brad Lidge (DMOY, CLO,[u] CPOY)[v] Charlie Manuel (MGR)[w] Pat Gillick (EXEC)[x] Chase Utley (PMY)[y] Cole Hamels (LCSMVP,[z] WSMVP)[aa]
2009 2009 NLNational League champions East* 1st 93 69 .574 Won NLDS vs. Colorado Rockies, 3–1 Won NLCS vs. Los Angeles Dodgers, 4–1 Lost World Series to New York Yankees, 4–2 J.A. Happ (ROY)[109] Jayson Werth (UnsungPOY)[110] Ruben Amaro, Jr. (EXEC)[111] Ryan Howard (LCSMVP)[z]
2010 2010 NL East* 1st 97 65 .599 Won NLDS vs. Cincinnati Reds, 3–0Lost NLCS to San Francisco Giants, 4–2 Roy Halladay (CYA,[112] SPOY,[113] ClutchPOY,[114] PMY)[115] Carlos Ruiz (X-FactorPOY)[116]
2011 2011 NL East* 1st 102 60 .630 Lost NLDS to St. Louis Cardinals, 3–2

These statistics are current as of October 7, 2011.

Current roster

Philadelphia Phillies 2012 Spring Training roster

40-man roster Spring Training non-roster invitees Coaches/Other
Pitchers

Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders

Pitchers

Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders

Manager

Coaches

60-day disabled list

  • None

40 Active, 0 Inactive, 14 Non-roster invitees

* Not on active roster Injury icon 2.svg 7- or 15-day disabled list Roster updated December 21, 2011 TransactionsDepth ChartAll MLB rosters

Team managers

Over 126 seasons, the Phillies franchise has employed 51 managers.[117] The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.[118] Seven managers have taken the Phillies to the postseason, with Danny Ozark and Charlie Manuel each leading the team to three playoff appearances. Manuel and Dallas Green are the only Phillies managers to win a World Series: Green in 1980 against the Kansas City Royals; and Manuel in 2008 against the Tampa Bay Rays.[119] Gene Mauch is the longest-tenured manager in franchise history, with 1,332 games of service in parts of eight seasons (1960–1968).[120] The records and accomplishments of the last five Phillies’ managers are shown below.

WPct Winning percentage: number of wins divided by number of games managed
PA Playoff appearances: number of years this manager has led the franchise to the playoffs
PW Playoff wins: number of wins this manager has accrued in the playoffs
PL Playoff losses: number of losses this manager has accrued in the playoffs
WS World Series: number of World Series victories achieved by the manager
or Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame (‡ denotes induction as manager)[121]
§ Member of the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame
#[a] Manager Years Wins Losses Ties WPct PA PW PL WS Ref
47 Fregosi !Jim Fregosi 51 !19911996 431 463 0 .482 1 06 !6 6 0 [122][123]
48 Francona !Terry Francona 52 !19972000 285 363 0 .440 -01 !— -01 !— -01 !— -01 !— [124]
49 Bowa !Larry Bowa§[b] 53 !20012004 337 308 0 .522 -01 !— -01 !— -01 !— -01 !— [125]
50 Varsho !Gary Varsho 54 !2004 1 1 0 .500 -01 !— -01 !— -01 !— -01 !— [126]
51 Manuel !Charlie Manuel 55 !2005–present 646 488 0 .569 5 27 18 1 [127][128] [129][130]
Totals 51 managers 129 seasons 9,236 10,291 1 .473 13 49 54 2

Statistics current through 2011 season

 Minor league affiliations

English: Coca-Cola park Allentown, PA 2009
Image via Wikipedia

Coca-Cola Park in Allentown, Pennsylvania, home of the Lehigh Valley IronPigs, the Phillies’ AAA affiliate

Level Team League Location
AAA Lehigh Valley IronPigs International League Allentown, PA
AA Reading Phillies Eastern League Reading, PA
Advance A Clearwater Threshers Florida State League Clearwater, FL
Full Season A Lakewood BlueClaws South Atlantic League Lakewood, NJ
Short Season A Williamsport Crosscutters New York-Penn League Williamsport, PA
Rookie GCL Phillies Gulf Coast League Clearwater, FL
VSL Phillies Venezuelan Summer League Venezuela
DSL Phillies Dominican Summer League Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

 Radio and television

The late Phillies broadcaster Harry Kalas

See also: Philadelphia Phillies radio network and List of current MLB broadcasters

As of 2009, the Phillies’ flagship radio station is WPHT (1210 AM).[131] The Phillies’ television stations are Comcast SportsNet (CSN)[132] and WPHL-TV (a My Network TV affiliate) with some early season games shown on Comcast Network Philadelphia (formerly known as CN8) when there are conflicts on CSN with 76ers and Flyers games. CSN produces the games shown on the above-mentioned stations. Scott Franzke and Jim Jackson provide play-by-play on the radio, with Larry Andersen as the color commentator. Tom McCarthy calls play-by-play for the television broadcasts, with Chris Wheeler and Gary Matthews providing color commentary.

Spanish language broadcasts are on WDAS (1480 AM) with Danny Martinez on play-by-play and Bill Kulik and Juan Ramos on color commentary.

Other popular Phillies broadcasters through the years include By Saam from 1939 to 1975, Bill Campbell from 1962 to 1970, Richie Ashburn from 1963 to 1997, and Harry Kalas from 1971 to 2009.[133] Kalas, a 2002 recipient of the Ford Frick Award and an icon in the Philadelphia area, called play-by-play in the first three and last three innings on television and the fourth inning on the radio until his passing on April 13, 2009.

At Citizens Bank Park, the restaurant built into the base of the main scoreboard is named “Harry the K’s” in Kalas’s honor. After Kalas’s death, the Phillies’ TV-broadcast booth was renamed “The Harry Kalas Broadcast Booth”. It is directly next to the radio-broadcast booth, which is named “The Richie ‘Whitey’ Ashburn Broadcast Booth”. When a Phillie hits a home run at Citizen’s Bank Park, Kalas’ signature “That ball is outta here!” home run call is played. When the Phillies win at home, Kalas’ rendition of the song High Hopes, which he would sing when the Phillies had clinched a playoff berth or advanced in the playoffs, is played as fans file out of the stadium. In 2011, the Phillies unveiled a statue of Harry Kalas at Citizens Bank Park. The statue was funded by Phillies fans and the statue was designed and constructed by a Phillies fan.

The Phillies’ public-address (PA) announcer is Dan Baker, who started in the 1972 season.[134][135]

In 2011, the Phillies spent $10 million to upgrade the video system at Citizens Bank Park, including a new display screen in left field, the largest in the National League.[136][137]
See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Philadelphia Phillies
Philadelphia Phillies
2012 Philadelphia Phillies season
Established 1883
Philadelphia Phillies.svg Team logo Philadelphia Phillies Insignia.svg Cap Insignia
Major league affiliations
Current uniform
NLE-Uniform-PHI.PNG
Retired numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42, P, P
Colors
  • Red, white, blue
Name
  • Philadelphia Phillies (1883–present)
  • Philadelphia Quakers (18831889, used interchangeably with Phillies from 1884–89)

(Also referred to as the “Bluejays” from 1943 through 1948 despite formal name remaining “Phillies”)

Other nicknames
  • Phils, The Fightin’ (or Phightin’) Phils, The Fightin’s (or Phightin’s)
Ballpark
Major league titles
World Series titles (2) 20081980
NL Pennants (7) 200920081993198319801950 1915
East Division titles (11)[a] 2011201020092008200719931983 1980197819771976
Wild card berths (0) None
Front office
Owner(s) David Montgomery, Giles Limited Partnership (Bill Giles), Claire S. Betz, Tri-Play Associates (William C. Buck), Double Play Inc. (John S. Middleton)[1]
Manager Charlie Manuel
General Manager

Footnotes

Article

  • a In 1981, a mid-season players’ strike split the season. Philadelphia, with the best record in the East Division when play was halted, was declared the first-half division winner. They would, however, lose to the second half-winning Montréal Expos in the NLDS, losing the overall division title. The Phillies’ record over the entire season was third-best in the division, 2½ games behind St. Louis and Montréal.
  • b The Phillies are the only National League team with two perfect games. Four American League teams have accomplished the feat: New York Yankees (3), Chicago White Sox (2), Cleveland Indians (2), and Oakland Athletics (2).

 Retired numbers

  • a Grover Cleveland Alexander played in the era before Major League players wore numbers; the Phillies have honored him with the “P” logo from the 1915 season, their first World Series appearance.[85]
  • b Chuck Klein wore many numbers while with the Phillies, including 1, 3, 8, 26, 29, and 36. The Phillies wore the Old English “P” during his first six seasons; thus, they chose to use it to honor Klein.[86]

 Season records

  • a The Finish column lists regular season results and excludes postseason play.
  • b The Wins and Losses columns list regular season results and exclude any postseason play.
  • c The GB column lists “Games Back” from the team that finished in first place that season. It is determined by finding the difference in wins plus the difference in losses divided by two.

 Team managers

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Schwimer Shipped Off With Being Out Of Favor And A Bullpen Glut


Phils acquire first baseman Charles for Schwimer

 

By Todd Zolecki / MLB.com | 02/23/2013 6:31 PM ET

 

CLEARWATER, Fla. — There is more to the Michael Schwimer trade than just a glut of relief pitchers in Phillies camp.

 

Michael Schwimer

Michael Schwimer (Photo credit: Keith Allison)

 

The Phillies announced Saturday that they traded Schwimer to the Toronto Blue Jays for Minor League first baseman Art Charles. Phillies general manager Ruben Amaro Jr. said they shipped Schwimer to Toronto because they had depth in the bullpen, they needed to anticipate future roster moves and they needed power at the Minor League level. But Schwimer had fallen out of favor with the organization after he disputed the Phillies’ decision to send him to Triple-A Lehigh Valley in August, claiming he was injured, although there also had been other issues.

 

It might be more accurate to call this trade addition by subtraction.

 

“He’s a great kid,” said Amaro, when asked if last season’s dispute sparked the trade. “There’s nothing wrong with Schwim.”

 

Schwimer said he agreed, but added one caveat.

 

“The Phillies want to win, period, so they’re not going to let any petty differences affect them wanting to win,” he said. “So, in my opinion, I think that had absolutely zero effect.”

 

English: Cole Hamels of the Philadelphia Phill...

Cole Hamels

 

Major League Baseball rules prevent a team from sending a player to the Minor Leagues while injured. The Phillies optioned Schwimer to Lehigh Valley on Aug. 23. He said he was hurt and should have been placed on the disabled list, but the Phillies disagreed. Schwimer didn’t report to the team immediately as he sought a second opinion. And while no formal grievance has been filed, Schwimer said, “As far as I’m concerned it’s an open issue. Nothing has been filed. Nothing has been done. But it’s still definitely an open issue.”

 

“There’s a lot of things I can’t get into with that,” he added. “What I will say was there was definitely a disconnect in communication from what I … that’s all I’m going to say. It was nothing personal against them, it was nothing personal against me. As a young player, you really don’t know how to handle certain things, and in their opinion I handled things the wrong way, and in my opinion they handled things … it was just a communication difference.”

 

Schwimer also got into trouble earlier in the season when he tweeted roster moves before they became official. And while there was a personality conflict at times, Schwimer was highly complimentary to the organization Saturday.

 

“This is a business,” Schwimer said. “Everybody has to do what they think will make the team better. I respect their decision completely. I absolutely loved my time with the Phillies. They drafted me in 2008, called me up to the big leagues and … if I wasn’t a Phillie I would never have met my wife, so there’s a lot of life things and a lot of both on and off the field things that would never have happened if I wasn’t a Philadelphia Phillie. I loved the teammates and the team. I hope we meet in the World Series. It’s been a great time and a great ride.”

 

Even with a plethora of relievers in camp, it is unusual to trade a pitcher like Schwimer, who has plenty of potential. He had a 7.56 ERA through nine appearances last season, but a 3.46 ERA in his final 26 appearances. He also has options remaining, which makes him valuable.

 

“It’s an arm that should pitch in the big leagues,” pitching coach Rich Dubee said. “He’s got plenty of talent to pitch in the big leagues. He’s got to get some presence. He’s got to get some composure on the mound. He’s got to understand who he is and what he is as a pitcher. But he’s got to stick to doing things the right way instead of trying to be too macho at times and coming out of his delivery.”

 

Asked if he felt like he needed to make this trade now, Amaro said, “No, we didn’t have to. We could have waited, but we felt like it was the right thing to do right now for us.”

 

Charles, 22, hit .236 with 15 doubles, four triples, 13 home runs, 34 RBIs and a .909 OPS combined with Rookie level Bluefield and Class A Vancouver.

 

“Charles is a guy that has got big pop,” Amaro said. “Whether he is going to be a Major League hitter at some point, we don’t know. But we know he has a lot of power and is a pretty decent athlete. He’s a big kid, and we’ll see — a lot of home runs, a lot of strikeouts, a lot of walks. We’ll see. We’re taking a chance on a guy.”

 

Hamels feeling urge to accept leadership role

 

CLEARWATER, Fla. — Nobody has said a word to Cole Hamels about Opening Day, which is fine with him.

 

Pitching the season opener would be nice, but …

 

“I’ve never really thought about it,” he said after pitching two scoreless innings Saturday in the Phillies’ Grapefruit League opener against Houston at Bright House Field. “It’s one game, one appearance and then you’re back into the normal baseball atmosphere. I’ve never really looked at it as this big sort of ordeal. I’ve always valued the playoffs. When you have to lead off the playoff game and a series, I think that’s pretty important. I think that’s kind of where it’s at. If you do get that honor, you just go out and stick to business and try to win a ballgame.”

 

Hamels is expected to start Opening Day on April 1, but that is more than a month away. Saturday simply represented the first step toward what Hamels hopes is a late run into October. That is what he is preparing for, and that is what is on his mind.

 

It is why he said he declined to participate in the World Baseball Classic.

 

“I don’t think it’s the smartest thing for pitchers to do,” he said. “Ultimately, I think a lot of the pitchers have the right idea, too. You don’t see any of the big-time guys up there. I think ultimately our goal is to win a World Series, not the WBC. That’s something I’m always going to keep on track, that’s first and foremost — winning the World Series. I’m going to do everything I can for the Phillies and this organization and my teammates.”

 

So Hamels also acknowledged he could step into more of a leadership role this season. Phillies right-hander Roy Halladay said earlier this week it’s Hamels’ time to start Opening Day. He also said it’s time for him to become more vocal as a leader. Those comments came before closer Jonathan Papelbon said he hadn’t seen any leadership in the clubhouse since he has been here.

 

“I’m almost 30, so I should probably kick it in gear with the leadership role,” Hamels said. “I have been here for a long time and I’ve seen some leaders leave, like Pat [Burrell], [Jamie] Moyer and Jayson Werth and Aaron Rowand — those guys were big-time leaders. You can’t expect new guys to come in and lead a team. They have to feel it out. I agree with Pap. Last year, I wasn’t fulfilling my end of the bargain either. We are all guilty. We all have to step up and take a role and a presence in this team and get back to what we’re capable of doing, which is winning.”

 

Hamels used to talk about throwing perfect games and winning Cy Young Awards, but that is on the back burner. He said he sees a sense of urgency in the clubhouse this spring as some players sense the window of opportunity to win closing.

 

So the Cy Young Award? Eh, that would be a nice bonus.

 

“I’d be lying if I didn’t say it would be nice to have one,” he said. “I would trade Cy Youngs for World Series rings any day of the week, and I think [Cliff Lee and Halladay] would, too. That’s the reason why we play baseball — to win championships, not a plaque to put on the wall.”

 

Utley steps right up in game action, feels ‘perfect’

 

CLEARWATER, Fla. — It had been a couple years of setbacks and soreness, but Chase Utley is finally back on the field.

 

He played three innings Saturday in the Phillies’ Grapefruit League opener against the Houston Astros at Bright House Field. It was his first Spring Training game since 2010 because of problems with chronically injured knees. Utley went 1-for-2 with one RBI, ripping the first pitch he saw from Astros right-hander Lucas Harrell up the middle in the first inning to score a run in the 8-3 loss.

 

“It was a good first step,” Utley said.

 

Utley isn’t sure how much he will play this spring or if he will be on a routine schedule like other players in camp, but he will not play Sunday against the Tigers in Lakeland. He is expected back in the lineup Monday against the Tigers in Clearwater.

 

“To be honest, I forgot what a normal Spring Training schedule is,” he said. “No, what Charlie [Manuel] and I have planned, there will be plenty of games under my belt. So far so good. Things are progressing well. … The last couple of Spring Trainings I was just trying to figure out a way to get on the field, and that didn’t work. This year, the stuff I did in the offseason has worked so far. Hopefully it will give me a chance to not only know what I need to do to get on the field but to actually make some progressions while playing.”

 

But the biggest question is: no pain in the knees?

 

“I feel good,” he said. “Perfect.”

 

Todd Zolecki is a reporter for MLB.com. This story was not subject to the approval of Major League Baseball or its clubs.

 

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